30 German Phrases to Maintain the Conversation

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People are often a little afraid of getting into awkward situations where they have no clue how to express what they want to say. So, by learning how to express things such as your language level or how to ask for clarification and help with understanding or explaining, you can keep the conversation flowing and you open yourself up to a whole new dimension of language learning.

Armed with these phrases, every native speaker you encounter is a potential tutor.

 

ENGLISH

I only speak a little German.

GERMAN

Ich spreche nur ein wenig Deutsch.

I am learning German, but I am only a beginner. Ich lerne Deutsch, aber ich bin noch ein Anfänger.
I have been learning German for 2 days / 2 weeks / 2 months / 1 year / 2 years. Ich lerne seit 2 Tagen / 2 Wochen / 2 Monaten / 1 Jahr / 2 Jahren Deutsch.
Will you correct me please? Könnten Sie mich bitte korrigieren?
What does ___ mean? Was bedeutet ___?
What does that mean? Was bedeutet das?
Can you explain in German/English to me? Können Sie das auf Deutsch/Englisch für mich erklären?
What does that mean in this context? Was bedeutet das in diesem Zusammenhang?
What is the German word for ___? Was ist das deutsche Wort für ___?
Is this/that correct? Ist das korrekt?
Am I wrong? Liege ich falsch?
Am I correct? Liege ich richtig?
Do you understand? Verstehen Sie?
I do not understand Ich verstehe nicht
I want to improve my level in German Ich möchte mein Sprachniveau in Deutsch verbessern
I need to practice German Ich brauche Übung in Deutsch
Do you mind if we speak in German? Stört es Sie, wenn wir Deutsch sprechen?
Can you please speak in German? it helps me to learn. Können Sie bitte Deutsch sprechen? das hilft mir beim Lernen.
How do you say ‘___’ in German? Wie sagt man ‚___’ auf Deutsch?
I struggle with spelling / reading / writing / listening / pronunciation. Ich habe Schwierigkeiten mit der korrekten Rechtschreibung / mit der korrekten Aussprache / damit, zu lesen / zu schreiben / das Gehörte zu verstehen.
Can you please repeat? I did not understand. Können Sie das bitte wiederholen? Ich habe es nicht verstanden.
I don’t speak German fluently. Ich spreche Deutsch nicht fließend.
I am confused. Ich bin verwirrt.
I don’t know how to say it in German. Ich weiß nicht, wie man das auf Deutsch sagt.
Sorry (or ‘pardon’), what did you say? Entschuldigung, was haben Sie gesagt?
I’ve never heard of that. Davon habe ich noch nie gehört.
That makes sense. Das ergibt Sinn.
That does not make sense. Das ergibt keinen Sinn.
What’s happening? / What’s going on? Was passiert hier? / Was ist los?
What do you mean by ‘___’ ? Was meinen Sie mit ‚___’?

 

7 German habits we should all adopt

7 German habits we should all adopt

time reading : 1 minute


THINKING about moving to Germany? If so, prepare yourself to embrace some of the coolest – and sometimes weird German habits.


🍾  1. Leave empty bottles on the streets.

In German, empty bottles = money. The Germans call it Pfand. Locals often leave their bottles outside, beside the trash can to be collected. This is a really kind way to give back to those in need in the community, as they can exchange the unwanted bottles for 25 cents for plastic or 8 cents for glass containers.

pastedGraphic.png🚽  2. Sit when you pee – even if you’re a man.

My favorite unusual habit so far. I’ve been here for 5 years and I’m still amazed why other countries don’t incorporate this into their culture. It is easier, cleaner, there is no mess. In bars, in the cinema and especially in German homes, those who pee standing up are not very welcome. The splashes, the lack of aim… just don’t.

🍻  3. Drinking warm beer.

German people drink warm beer. Why? Because a cold beer can mask poor quality and bad taste, but German beer is some of the best in the world. To experience the flavors at their best, some Germans drink it at room temperature, which is basically ‘warm’ for the rest of the world.

pastedGraphic.png🚐  4. RV, RV and more RV.

Germans are known for their love of travel. They especially love a road trip. RVs are a popular sight throughout Germany, and there are many well equipped camping sites dedicated to RVers. If you want to get to know Germany, German-style, consider renting one and driving your way around the country, you won’t be disappointed.

💶  5. Cash only.

It is very hard to find a restaurant or a bar and sometimes even stores that accept credit cards. Germany is one of the European countries with a lower debt per capita. And once you come here, you understand why. They only spend what they have. Cash only, baby. Believe me, once you adapt, you will love it.

pastedGraphic.png💰  6. Rent for life.

Germans also have lower debts compared to some of the neighbouring countries because the renting market is quite stable. Rent cannot increase over a small fixed percentage every 2 years and you can’t be put on the streets from one day to the other. Because of this stability many families rent their homes instead of owning.

☀️❄️  7. Pretending it is warm. / pretending it is cold.

It is a phenomenon that happens every changing of the season. Germans seem to care more about what the calendar says rather than what the weather forecast says.

Germans have 2 rules:

#1 – if it is winter, it is cold.

German people will wear a scarf, wool socks and all the winter jackets possible during winter. They complain that the winter is miserable and that they can’t wait for the summer because the summer is amazing and they can wear shorts and hang out in the sun. Furthermore, although it is 20 something degrees outside, all the buses and trains have the heating on, the bars and restaurants too.

#2 – if it is summer, it is warm.

If it’s summer everybody wears shorts, flip-flops, tank tops. Nobody cares if the wind is cold — and if they’re not directly in the sun, people apparently don’t feel cold.

See you next week

 

 

 

Haben Sie es gewusst ?


   Lesezeit : 1 Minute

HABEN SIE ES GEWUSST ?

,,,der Nobelpreis schon mehr als 80-mal an Deutsche ging.

,,,Deutschland als Europa­meister im Erfinden gilt.

,,,360.900 Forscherinnen und Forscher in Deutschland ­arbeiten.

,,,Deutschland zu den drei größten Exportnationen gehört.

,,,Deutschland die viertgrößte Wirtschaftsmacht der Welt ist

,,,das deutsche Stromnetz 1,79 Millionen Kilometer lang ist. Mit dieser Länge könnte der Äquator 45-mal umrundet werden.

,,,im Jahr 2014 bereits 26 Prozent der Stromerzeugung in Deutschland aus Erneuerbaren Energien stammten.

,,,bis 2050 rund 80 Prozent des Stroms in Deutschland aus ­erneuerbaren Energiequellen ­gewonnen werden soll.

,,,Deutschland zu den nachhaltigsten Industriestaaten gehört.

,,,jedes Jahr allein 18.000 neue Arbeitsplätze durch die Energiewende geschaffen werden.

 

 

 

Überblick

 


German Society

reading time : 1 min.

🇩🇪 Nationality:

noun: German(s)

adjective: German

⛪️ Ethnic groups:

German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)

💬 Languages:

German (official)

note: Danish, Frisian, Sorbian, and Romany are official minority languages; Low German, Danish, North Frisian, Sater Frisian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, and Romany are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

⛪️ Religions: 

  • Protestant 34%
  • Roman Catholic 34%
  • Muslim 3.7%
  • unaffiliated or other 28.3%

👥 Population:

80,454,408 (July 2018 est.)

👁 Age structure:

  • 00-14 years: 12.83% (male 5,299,798 /female 5,024,184)
  • 15-24 years: 9.98% (male 4,092,901 /female 3,933,997)
  • 25-54 years: 39.87% (male 16,181,931 /female 15,896,528)
  • 55-64 years: 14.96% (male 5,989,111 /female 6,047,449)
  • 65 years and over: 22.36% (male 7,930,590 /female 10,061,248) (2018 est.)

👑 Median age:

  • total: 47.4 years.
  • Country comparison to the world: 3rd
  • male: 46.2 years
  • female: 48.5 years (2018 est.)

📉 Population growth rate:

  • -0.17% (2018 est.)
  • Country comparison to the world: 208th

🤱 Birth rate:

  • 8.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
  • Country comparison to the world: 213rd

✝️ Death rate:

  • 11.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
  • Country comparison to the world: 19th

🧕 Net migration rate:

  • 1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
  • Country comparison to the world: 53th

🏫 Urbanization:

  • urban population: 75.3% of total population (2015)
  • rate of urbanization: 0.16% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

🌇 Major urban areas – population:

  1. BERLIN (capital) 3.563 million
  2. Hamburg 1.831 million
  3. Munich 1.438 million
  4. Cologne 1.037 million (2015)

👫 Sex ratio:

  • at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
  • 00-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
  • 15 -24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
  • 25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
  • 55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
  • total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2015 est.)

🎂 Life expectancy at birth:

  • total population: 80.57 years
  • male: 78.26 years
  • female: 83 years (2015 est.)

📚 Education and Literacy:

  • 99 percent literacy rate in population over age fifteen.
  • Education compulsory until age eighteen.

At age ten, after primary school (Grundschule), students attend one of five schools:

  • short-course secondary school (Hauptschule);
  • intermediate school (Realschule);
  • high school (Gymnasium);
  • comprehensive school (Gesamtschule);
  • or a school for children with special educational needs (Sonderschule).

At about age fifteen, students choose among a variety of vocational, technical, and academic schools. Higher education consists of many kinds of technical colleges, advanced vocational schools, and universities.

10 tips for doing Business in Germany


10 tips for doing business in Germany

„If we apply the French recipes to establish in Germany, we will not get there …“ This is the warning issued by Frédéric Munch, associate director of CXP Group, consulting and analysis firm in the software domain, during the Franco-German Digital Meetings organized by Syntec Numérique.

If Germany cultivates its attractiveness and its assets, the country, for a French company that seeks to export or a tricolor start-up in search of new markets, can not be approached by chance, without asking the right questions or knowing the characteristics of this market characterized, in particular, by the dynamism of its midsize companies.

  1. Choose your location according to your sector of activity
  2. Grow your networks locally
  3. Germanize your company
  4. Adapt your commercial approach
  5. Prefer to recruit experienced people
  6. Developing your approach to recruitment interviews
  7. Prioritize the experience
  8. Address the subtleties of German labor law
  9. Going to the salons and exhibitions
  10. Budgeting your implementation project

1. Choose your location according to your sector of activity

This is not a discovery: Germany, unlike France, is a very decentralized country. Rather than a capital and a region of Ile-de-France encompassing entire sectors of economic activity, it is distinguished by a multiplicity of „clusters“, that is to say, poles of activity angled on large sectors – energy transition , connected home, industry 4.0 … – 67 precisely.

That’s why, far from the idea of ​​going to Berlin, the capital, at all costs, „the entrepreneur must choose according to its segments“, advocates Raphaël Goldstein, Director France promotion of investment at GTAI Paris , Franco-German point of contact for the cooperation of clusters. The future location will depend primarily on the objectives of his company and his sector.

2. Grow your networks locally

Beyond the importance of its manufacturing sector and the dynamism of its mid-cap companies, Germany is also characterized by its federalism. „Germany is full of small towns, where everyone knows each other,“ says Frederic Munch (CXP Group) „A regional presence is important according to your goal, you have to be present in the region and be the same „. Important, and even primordial. This is where you have to make yourself known, to gain credibility, strengthen your ability to find support and business opportunities. This networking work is essential if you want to give your business every chance to grow sustainably.

3. Germanize your company

In Germany, business is done not in English, but in German. „You need to get as much of your business as possible,“ says Violaine Terreaux, Head of Technology and Services at Business France in Düsseldorf.

In other words: plan commercial media in German, employees comfortable with the language of Goethe, an address on the territory. In addition, preferably use sales representatives who understand the decision-making process, time management or the structuring of the country’s own business market. So many codes whose mastery will enhance your efficiency.

4. Adapt your commercial approach

During a business meeting, a German contact will be quick to ask for customer references. To satisfy it, do not just quote a few names, however prestigious they may be. „You have to be precise, concrete, put forward facts,“ says Frédéric Munch (CXP Group).

Moreover, while in France, having worked with the competitor of a prospect is sometimes prohibitive, in Germany on the contrary, this experience is rather seen positively.

In addition, Germans are known to be „concerned about certifications, patents“, says Violaine Terreaux (Business France). Even if certification methods differ between France and Germany, it seems advisable to put it forward if your products are concerned.

Another point of vigilance: no question, as is sometimes seen in France, to put weeks to meet the demand of a prospect. „Be reactive, when a prospect asks you, answer him in two days,“ says the expert.

Finally, your salespeople will first have to contact the operational staff, who, once convinced by the product, will be able to promote it to their general management.

5. Prefer to recruit experienced people

Finding qualified employees is a particularly delicate business in Germany. „The job market is in tension,“ observes Frédéric Berner, Deputy Director General of the French Chamber of Commerce in Germany.
It would be missing, for example, 100,000 engineers in the country. A real handicap for French companies who want to start in this area, especially since they do not have the power of attraction of their German counterparts …

In this context, „It is better to first look for people with luggage, network, experience,“ advises the expert. This implies, however, he warns, that the proposed wages must follow. For example, a confirmed business developer can claim 70,000 euros gross annual salary (excluding variable and benefits like the car).

Why not, also, call for a VIE (Volontariat International en Entreprise)? Provided, however, that it corresponds to your needs. VIEs are almost 9800 currently in Germany. The characteristics of this type of contract are threefold: „no contractual relationship between the company and the VIE, no social charges and administrative, social and legal management supported,“ lists Eléonore Hurault de Ligny, project manager partnerships LIFE at Business France. On the financial side, „a 12-month mission in Germany costs around € 25,000, including allowances, management and social protection costs,“ adds the expert.

And quote the platform Civiweb allowing candidates to find recruiters and companies to put forward their offers.

6. Developing your approach to recruitment interviews

Beyond appealing to experienced people, it is also, to succeed recruitment, to ensure reassurance candidates.

The Germans, indeed, would be famous for not having a taste for risk. „It will be necessary to say who one is, which bases its specificity“, explains Frédéric Berner (French Chamber of Commerce in Germany). And to continue: „the product is the center of everything.
More than marketing, more than people „.

In terms of CV, the uses, too, differ. „The CV is not condensed on a page but can do three or four,“ says Frederic Berner. It includes appendices delivered by the previous employer on the missions of the person, how it carried them out, if it gave satisfaction. „The game is to say yes,“ says the expert. Quit to support his compliments, for a particularly efficient employee.

7. Prioritize the experience

Another difference of approach: while in France the weight of schools and diplomas remains preponderant even for a candidate already largely experienced, it is much less the case in Germany, for which the training course is gradually put in the background .
Still, the training system is not at all identical. „There is no business school in the business school sense of the term, commercial qualities are acquired with experience.
This system trains people who are less hunters and more breeders, „says Frédéric Berner, adding,“ many people are coming up in companies with learning. “

8. Address the subtleties of German labor law

„Labor law in Germany can be very unpleasant …“ warns Roman Frik, a lawyer specializing in labor law at Vogel & Partner.

One of the main differences concerns the uses of works councils. While in France the creation of an EC is mandatory from 50 employees, in Germany, it is an option, and this concerns structures from 5 employees. „Employees to start the movement, says the lawyer.The employer can not refuse.A him to create a pleasant atmosphere so that employees do not wish to create one.
Moreover, by virtue of a right to co-determination, the entrepreneur decides with the works council. If no agreement is found on a subject, for example overtime, it can not succeed.
On working time there is no law in Germany like the 35 hours. Below 48 hours, working time is negotiable with employees.
In terms of charges, „you can never pay more than 13,000 euros in employer costs per year and per employee,“ said his side Frederic Berner (French Chamber of Commerce in Germany).

9. Going to the salons

CeBIT for IT in Hanover, IFA (electronics) in Berlin, IAA (automobile) in Frankfurt … „Two-thirds of leading trade fairs take place in Germany,“ says Ulrike Mayer, head of trade fairs in the Franco-German Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

These events (listed online in a dedicated database) are essential to establish contacts and business in the territory.

To participate, a preparation „a year in advance“ appears necessary to the expert, who recommends starting by visiting the exhibition and, if the target audience is at the rendezvous, to begin, only then, the registration procedures.

To expose, it is better, a priori, the grouped play. „Exhibitors take booths of 150 m2 If you arrive with 9m2, we will not see you …“, warns Violaine Terreaux (Business France).

And the expert to put forward the pavilions France set up by the organization, where SMEs can be welcomed to present their solutions. Proof that, despite their huge size, the salons are accessible to all profiles.

For example, for a first-time exhibitor and a turnkey stand, „the average budget starts at 2000 euros,“ says Ulrike Mayer (Franco-German Chamber of Commerce and Industry).

10. Budgeting your implementation project

„Setting up your company in Germany is not very expensive, for 5000 euros everything can be put in place“. This is what Frédéric Berner (French Chamber of Commerce in Germany) assures.
Still, these are not the only costs to be incurred, far from it.
By counting 70 k € annually for the hiring of a business develop, its variable (the variables being proportionally less important than in France), 13 k € of charges, a car, the salons, „below 120 to 130 k € for the first year, it’s too fair, „says the expert.

[Testimony]

„How do I do business in Germany?“ Marc Lott is Managing Director of Actimage GmbH, an engineering, computer and multimedia services company based in France, Germany, Switzerland and Luxembourg.

Based, among others, on the French border, he stressed the importance of finding, for an entrepreneur who would like to follow the same path, the appropriate base. „Look what you have to offer and go where it fits,“ advises the leader. It will take a long time to get into local networks and find opportunities.
To form his team, he surrounded himself with Germans „not to make foolishness“.
Moreover, he himself learned the language, which he did not speak when he arrived in the country. Among other qualities, „the bicultural aspect is fundamental,“ he says, „you need people who can understand both cultures.“ Cooperation between entrepreneurs In a tense job market, he, like many entrepreneurs, has experienced the difficulties inherent in this type of context. „It’s hard to find good profiles – there are not enough people trained in IT.
Also, you have to look for it, sell your vision. To do this, never pass an ad, it is useless: enter the networks. As an entrepreneur, you have to spend a lot of time in the networks. Little by little, we will help you. There is a lot of cooptation between entrepreneurs, „he says.

On the commercial side, he confirms that a client meeting can not be improvised. „You have to be much more precise in the preparation, to know what you are going to talk about, to have your road map, to stick to the points of the meeting, in order“. No need to count seducing his interlocutor without a solid file. „Customers need to see projects you have done.
At first, I landed a project worth more than a million euros without being asked for my turnover. „A project that he believes he probably would not have won in France.
To develop his business, he participated in exhibitions. „You have to target them, that does not mean to be present as an exhibitor but to get out there, to have the feeling,“ he says. Former exhibitor at Cebit, he does not intend to reproduce the experience: „You will not do business.The people who know each other greet each other,“ he regrets. So many ways to be recognized and become a preferred partner. „My partner opened my address book after five years …“, says the manager